Did you know that most changes in vision occur either in the early years or much later in life? This happens with a few exceptions, since there are people who start experiencing eye problems even in their late 20’s. Your vision basically starts to stabilize during your late teen years, and shows minimal changes up to around 40 years.
Vision changes occur naturally as you age, and since most cannot be prevented, it’s best to have a few tips to prevent further problems. To start with, you should always be aware of your visual limitations and have mechanisms to deal with them. This may require regular visits to your optometrist to ensure that everything is in check, and to prescribe remedies for preexisting conditions.
As you age, you will realize that you need more light to perform close tasks such as reading. It’s also worth noting that your side vision and reaction reduces with age, which requires that you are extra vigilant when walking in traffic or driving. You should also avoid driving late at night, especially in dimly lit roads.
If you have prescribed distance spectacles, wear them whenever there is need, and ensure the glasses are always clean to limit eye infections.
Some of the disorders associated with mature vision include:
When you hit 40, you may start experiencing some difficulties, especially when it comes to performing close tasks such as reading, or sewing. This is caused by a natural age related condition known as presbyopia, a name that originates from the Greek version for an ‘old eye’.
Presbyopia occurs when your crystalline lens starts growing thicker as you age, hence losing its flexibility, and ability to refract light. This is what affects your eye’s ability to focus on close objects.
Your optometrist may recommend reading glasses, among other vision correction options if other vision problems also exist.
Spots and Floaters
If you have seen tiny specks of materials, thread-like strands or cobwebs at any given point in your life, then you have definitely experienced spots and floaters.
This is an optical defect, which becomes more frequent as you age. Spots and floaters occurs as a result of the vitreous, becoming more liquid as you age. A vitreous is the jelly like substance in the main globe of your eye.
Since the change does not occur uniformly, the presence of both liquid and a jelly like body in your eye negatively affects light passage to the retina, which is when you see the floaters. If you experience a sudden change in your vision that results to this, it’s best that you schedule an appointment with your optometrist immediately.
This is an eye condition that occurs when the fluid pressure in your eyes increases, which cuts off blood supply in the small arteries that are responsible for carrying food and oxygen to the retina.
With glaucoma, you may not experience any sudden symptoms, so it’s crucial that you have regular eye examinations to rule out the condition especially as you age. If left undetected, glaucoma causes blindness or loss of side vision.
Due to its severity, this condition cannot be reversed, rather, just slowed down. This is why early detection is of utmost importance. Treatment may include medicine, or surgery depending on the severity.
Retinal disorders often occur in older adults, and result to an impaired central vision. With the advancement in eye treatment techniques, such disorders can now be successfully treated and leave victims with better vision, if detected early enough.
Although some of these mature eye vision problems cannot be reversed, optometrists stress that you always observe healthy habits, which include regular eye examinations, if you want to lead a productive life.